See also: System fonts The primary system font in and above is. Used, and preceding versions largely employed. For labels and other small text, 10 pt Lucida Grande was typically used. Lucida Grande is almost identical in appearance to the prevalent Windows font Lucida Sans, and contains a larger variety of.
Ships with multiple typefaces, for multiple scripts, licensed from several sources. MacOS includes, and fonts.
It also supports sophisticated font techniques, such as and filtering. Many of the classic Macintosh typefaces included with previous versions remained available, including the typefaces New York, and, the sans-serif Charcoal and Chicago, Monaco, Geneva and., a, also remained. In the initial publicly released version of Mac OS X (March 2001), font support for scripts was limited to Lucida Grande and a few fonts for the major Japanese scripts. With each major revision of the OS, fonts supporting additional scripts were added. Demonstration of alternate letters, including the full-word ligature for the name of the Zapfino typeface is a typeface designed by and named after renowned typeface designer for. Zapfino utilizes advanced typographic features of the (AAT) 'morx' table format and is included in OS X partially as a technology demo. Ligatures and character variations are extensively used.
The font is based on a calligraphic example by Zapf in 1944. The version included with macOS is a single weight. Since then, Linotype has introduced “Linotype Zapfino Extra” which includes the additional “Forte” weight with more options and alternates. Several of the GX fonts that Apple commissioned and originally shipped with System 7.5 were ported to use AAT and shipped with Mac OS X 10.2 and., Apple Chancery and are examples of fonts of this heritage.
Other typefaces were licensed from the general offerings of leading font vendors. LastResort. Sample glyphs from the LastResort font. The font is invisible to the end user, but is used by the system to display reference in the event that glyphs needed to display a given character are not found in any other available font.
The symbols provided by the LastResort font place glyphs into categories based on their location in the system and provide a hint to the user about which font or script is required to view unavailable characters. Designed by Apple and extended by of Evertype for Unicode 4.1 coverage, the symbols adhere to a unified design. The glyphs are square with rounded corners with a bold outline.
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On the left and right sides of the outline, the range that the character belongs to is given using digits. Top and bottom are used for one or two descriptions of the name. A symbol representative of the block is centered inside the square.
The typeface used for the text cutouts in the outline is Chicago, otherwise not included with macOS. LastResort has been part of Mac OS since version 8.5, but the limited success of (ATSUI) on the classic Mac OS means that only users of macOS are regularly exposed to it. Lucida Grande Of the fonts that ship with macOS, Lucida Grande has the broadest character repertoire. This font provides a relatively complete set of, and letters and an assortment of common symbols. All in all, it contains a bit more than 2800 glyphs (including ligatures). In macOS v10.3 ('Panther'), a font called was introduced.
It complements the set of symbols from Lucida Grande, but also contains glyphs only accessible by glyph ID (that is, they have not been assigned Unicode code points). A hidden font called.Keyboard contains 92 visible glyphs, most of which appear on Apple keyboards. Font management. This section does not any. Unsourced material may be challenged. (July 2008) System 6.0.8 and earlier Originally, the Macintosh system software supported only bitmapped fonts. The was custom designed for the Macintosh and was intended to provide a screen legibility.
These system fonts were named after large cities, e.g. New York, Chicago, and Geneva. (See.) Bitmapped fonts were stored as resources within the System file.
A utility called was used to install fonts into or remove fonts from the System file. Fonts could be embedded into Macintosh applications and other file types, such as a stack. Unused fonts were stored in a suitcase file. The printer supported a higher resolution mode where bitmap fonts with twice the screen resolution were automatically substituted for 'near letter quality' printing. (For example, a 24-point bitmapped font would be used for 12-point printing.) This feature was sometimes called two-times font printing.
Some later Apple QuickDraw-based laser printers supported four-times font printing for letter quality output. With the introduction of the and support for -compatible printers, the Mac system software initially supported outline fonts for printing only. These outline fonts could be printed in letter quality at any size. PostScript fonts came with two files; a bitmap font was installed into the System file, and an outline font file was stored in the System Folder. Some of the bitmapped “city” fonts were automatically replaced by PostScript fonts by the printer driver. Commercial typefaces such as Times and Helvetica began to be distributed by Apple, and others. The (ATM) system extension allowed PostScript outline fonts to be displayed on screen and used with all printers (PostScript or not).
This allowed for true printing in a much broader set of circumstances than the base system software, however with a noticeable speed penalty, especially on -based machines. After the release of System 7, Apple added System 6 support for outline fonts through a freely available system extension, providing functionality similar to ATM. Apple provided TrueType outline files for the bitmapped 'city' system fonts, allowing letter quality printing.
A reboot was required after installing new fonts unless using a font management utility such as Suitcase, FontJuggler or MasterJuggler. System 7 – Mac OS 9 A highly touted feature of was integrated TrueType outline font support, which received industry support from. Fonts were still stored in the System file but could be installed using.
To install new fonts, one had to quit all applications. Despite this, ATM and PostScript Type 1 fonts continued to be widely used, especially for professional. Eventually Adobe released a free version of their utility, called ATM Light. In System 7.1, a separate Fonts folder appeared in the System Folder. Fonts were automatically installed when dropped on the System Folder, and became available to applications after they were restarted.
Font resources were generally grouped in suitcase files. However, rules for storing printer fonts varied greatly between different system, printer and application configurations until the advent of the new Fonts folder. Typically, they had to be stored directly in the System Folder or in the Extensions Folder. System 7.5 added the graphics engine.
Supported ligatures and other advanced typography features. However little software supported these features and PostScript remained the standard. Starting with Mac OS 8.5, the operating system supported fonts, including TrueType. In addition, Apple created a new format, called data-fork suitcases.
At the same time, support was added for TrueType collection files, conventionally with the '.ttc'. System versions 7 to 9 supported a maximum of 128 font suitcases, each storing multiple fonts.
Starting with version 7.1, Apple unified the implementation of non-roman script systems in a programming interface called. WorldScript I was used for all one-byte character sets and WorldScript II for two-byte sets. Support for new script systems was added by so-called Language Kits. Some kits were provided with the system software, and others were sold by Apple and third parties.
Application support for WorldScript was not universal, since support was a significant task. Good international support gave a marketing edge to word-processing programs such as and programs using the text engine, since was not WorldScript aware. Beginning in 1996, Apple included Microsoft's, which included common fonts as well as new ones, resolving cross-platform font issues. In 8.5, full Unicode support was added to Mac OS through an called. However, WorldScript remained the dominant technology for international text on the classic MacOS, because few applications used ATSUI. Mac OS X / macOS OS X / macOS 10.x supports a wide variety of font formats.
It supports most of the font formats used on earlier systems, where the fonts were typically stored in the of the file. In addition to the data-fork version of TrueType and the Adobe/ OpenType fonts, OS X also supports Apple's own data-fork-based TrueType format, called data-fork suitcases with the filename extension '.dfont'. Data-fork suitcases are old-style Mac TrueType fonts with all the data from the transferred unchanged to the.
The system also supports the instances created using the ' variant. Fonts in the /System/Library/Fonts folder and the /Library/Fonts folder are available to all users. Fonts stored in a user's /Library/Fonts folder are available to only that user. Previously, up to OS X 10.4, both applications running in the legacy and native applications could access fonts stored in the Mac OS 9 system folder macOS includes a software that supports PostScript. Thus eliminating the need for the Light program. The built-in text editing supports advanced typesetting features such as adjustable kerning and baseline, as well as a few features.
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Support for fonts was dropped in macOS in favor of TrueType fonts using features. Bitmap fonts are only used on screen if there is a corresponding vector form (which is always used in printing). Since OS X v10.3 (Panther), a utility called has been included with the operating system allowing users to easily install fonts and do basic font management. Third-party font managers As desktop publishing took off and PostScript and other outline font formats joined the bitmap fonts, the need for unified font management grew. A number of third parties have created tools, such as, for managing font sets. For example, they allowed enabling or disabling fonts on-the-fly, and storing fonts outside of their normal locations. Some even allow the use of Windows font files natively on systems prior to macOS.
Font technology. A sample of text rendered by the Quartz engine in macOS, using traditional and subpixel rendering. OS X/macOS uses. Version 10.2 introduced subpixel rendering of type. This feature is enabled using the System Preferences panel 'General' (10.2) or 'Appearance' (10.3), by setting the font smoothing style to 'Medium — best for Flat Panel'.
OS X 10.4 introduced an 'Automatic' setting which transparently chooses either 'Medium' or 'Standard,' depending on the type of main display. The quality of the rendering compared to Microsoft's and is contested, and is largely a matter of reader preference.
However, Apple's approach differs from that of ClearType and FreeType in that TrueType hinting instructions are discarded for all but the smallest type sizes. This results in more consistency of rendering on Mac OS at the expense of allowing type designers a level of fine tuning through hints. Fonts of the original Macintosh. The Macintosh was an early example of a mainstream computer using fonts featuring characters of different widths, often referred to as fonts. Previously, most computer systems were limited to using, requiring, for example, i and m to be exactly the same width. Vector-based fonts had yet to appear in the arena, at least for screen use, so all the original Mac's typefaces were.
Fonts were available in multiple sizes; those sizes installed on a system would be displayed in the font menu in an outline style. From through, the default system fonts for Mac OS were Chicago for menus and window titles and Geneva for Finder icons, and they could not be customized. The fonts for Finder icons became customizable starting in System 7.
It is accessible in the 'Views' control panel. In and, the default system font was changed to Charcoal menus and window titles, but it could be customized in Preferences.
Naming After designing the first few fonts, the team decided to adopt a naming convention. First, they settled on using the names of stops along the, line: Overbrook, Merion, Ardmore, and Rosemont.
Had liked the idea of using cities as the names, but they had to be ' cities. Variants.
Variants of each font were generated on-the-fly from the standard fonts. Bold, italic, outlined, underlined and shadowed variations were the most common, though some applications also included subscript and superscript. Outline, shadow and underline are not always supported by modern software and fonts. Apple logo Apple's fonts and the include a solid Apple logo. One reason for including a trademark in a font is that the copyright status of fonts and typefaces is a complicated and uncertain matter. Trademark law, on the other hand, is much stronger.
Third parties cannot include the Apple logo in fonts without permission from Apple. Apple states in the MacRoman to Unicode mapping file that: On regular US keyboards, the logo character can be typed using the key combination Shift Option K (⇧⌥K). In, the Apple logo has a of 0xF0.
The Apple logo has not been assigned a dedicated Unicode code point, but Apple uses () in the. Note that the logo does have a unique name in the - /apple, mapping to F8FF. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a of the subject. You may, discuss the issue on the, or, as appropriate. (June 2012).
was a font, most famous for the at the z character position. was the default system font in 1–7.6. Also seen on LCD screens of earlier models. (sans-serif) is designed for small sizes and prevalent in all versions of the Mac user interface. Its name betrays its inspiration by the typeface. Nine point Geneva is built into Macs.
was an Old English–style font. was a thin font that emulated handwriting. was a font. Before, it was known as Taliesin.
(sans-serif, monospaced) is a fixed-width font well-suited for 9–12 pt use. Ten point Monaco is built into Macs. was a –inspired font.
The name alluded to the inspiration, even though the Times for which Times Roman was created was that of London, not New York. was a whimsical font where each character looked as if it was a cutout from a newspaper, creating an intentional. was a geometric design. It was removed from and later. (script) was a font designed. See also.
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